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一首歌曲是如何诞生的?

徐伟轩博主
2020-10-10
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多年前我也尝试自己制作歌曲并且发了几首不成型单曲,感触良多,做一首歌曲确实不易。
现如今的选秀节目多入牛毛,各类平台造就了很多的未来新星,很多歌手也就凭借一把吉他和歌声走到最后,像李志、陈楚生、宋冬野、花粥等等。原创歌曲不再是明星的专利,学会自己制作音乐,你也可以发行自己的歌曲。

今天,徐伟轩博客就为大家来解秘一下歌曲的制作流程。[仅简要介绍,供大家参考]

一、作词作曲

源自生活的创作更加动人

如果是艺术创作性质歌曲,先出词、先出曲都行。如果是定制歌曲(比如企业歌曲),要先写词。主顾通过了词,再谱曲。这样可以省钱。因为主顾可能要你更换词作者。也有所谓的创作歌手,先花钱从别人那里买断歌词,把词作者换成自己,而只找人作曲。
而词、曲都不太可能一次通过,得多次修改。有时为了旋律优美,可能回过头去修改已经定稿的歌词。

二、制作demo

通过乐器简单演奏

当曲作者在谱曲时,便可能用MIDI出样曲。可能由作曲亲自演唱,也可能由MIDI模拟。MIDI模拟的哼唱没有具体的歌词,就是类人声的哼哼,目的是让你听拍子、音的高低、过门、情绪等等。比如吉他,节奏吉他一般只需标注和弦。华彩有时需要将谱子打出,有时不需要,只标注和弦和风格注释,由吉他手即兴。如果顾客没通过小样,词曲作者有义务做免费修改。如果顾客通过了小样,该小样便作为日后验收成品的标准,理论上,词曲作者的快可以收工了。

三、编曲

整合各类乐器 midi和音效

由编曲的人决定都用什么乐器来表现这首歌,每种乐器都用在哪个地方,又充当什么声部。有的作曲也能编曲,但有的只能写曲子,不能给乐队编曲。
编曲人编完曲,通常也用MIDI录制出真实乐器的声部,并把每一个声部的乐器都分轨导出来,交给录音师。音频一般全部为干声。音频分轨的格式,编曲的人要和录音师、混音师沟通。音频分轨有两种形式,一种是对头不对尾,即所有的音频文件都从乐曲的开头对齐。另一种是头尾都对。即假如乐曲长度是3分钟,哪怕有的轨只有几秒钟,其余的地方是空白,也要按3分钟全导出来。一些编曲的人在导出分轨后,也会缩混出一个小样,给混音师参考。

四、录音

录制乐器声音和人声

先录制真乐器。如果录单曲,每种乐器都是分别录制的。录音师有时也是混音师,这时,他会把真乐器先简单地合成为伴奏带后,再录制歌手人声。因为有的歌手不识谱,有的则无伴奏带会跑调。
而人声录音的复杂性在于人声不仅有男女声的分别,还有低、中、高音的区别。并且不同的唱法也有不同。也就是人声的种类特别多,因此录音方法多种多样、非常复杂。同时人声如果算做乐器的话,那将是一件无比复杂的乐器。该乐器频率很宽,并且变化无常。人声的细节也比较多,比如口水声指的是发音后咽口水的声音、齿音指的是牙齿碰撞或是空气高速流过牙齿的声音等等,都是录音中需要考虑的细节。同时针对声音类型,选用合适的麦克风,对于录音师也是很大的挑战。人声录音有时候耗时很长,对录音师也是个相当大的挑战。

五、混音

零碎音频的整合

混音就是在用计算机完成,通过对混音台各功能的运用,把录制的各种零碎音频,融合在一起,使最终的成品呈现出剧场演出的立体效果。衡量一个混音师水平的高下,关键就看他混出来的作品有没有剧场感。一般,有乐队演出经验,知道每一种乐器处于乐队哪个位置的混音师才能混出有立体感、剧场感的作品来。

六、制作母带

歌曲基本制作完成

制作人将完成混音的音频文件交给母带工程师,对作品做最后一次塑形,制作成数字或模拟的母带。制作人拿到母带,标志歌曲的音频制作过程完毕。也就意味着一首歌即将可以发布和出版了。

歌曲制作音乐制作
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Sdxzy7wfmJALAyVVpbyvSY8znlH+aer74yyxG9F722K5LNs76RWd8QD3fF+rpunxI8rexSPiaVCn3hV+uvO8myTeF902W3jNuqOs+9ZSiuU2B2XTLZ2FfEgHg4s0D/s+zWBxaumivlhd9NPbCjdNOIvBZ6pHU5Xrepg6USuXZz9+zWp6kDvZWy6SldjJ806z3hW9W3jMuvOc+60njRw3vu099bkrDa3OlbUkNWHAMiQBwMUapA/6nSZ6nDviPHQWmXc8yjAB7nGG0k+5VKZ8bqp9fH2X73YBl7xrqu0/zblVJeetd61Q4luseMDi3SX6ROuD/Mu0E/KUyO9HxXJNpmgOqczKORICF0nMFJj+/Nim89jbNU8g+zuZkoCkwuyv8fXr8oXHlJALA2XqUxfz9L7Pb3u5tlddxy70L00gEGJ5fpXye+MuGv4+31HeTcgKxKREYyt00hkUiAPTmUR4+7OnLJP+Q5KecNuB/kfqCepfzDEovyTQSAYapND//deFvb1MH+rt4Uvh8U2A2Lfz98XGHBBIBoBvLT3l9msWuPC9zuiB/uUyzCPgfx2h/X/6Q9d/mHH+LcSQCPDTObuea8Z713mb704hL6wPuYwcrjicRAA4yysOpO/PdeE45facp4J+kvhhXcaE8N0O56IwjEeChUbaff2bZ/W7AspuUR/y3fRccayjnZODEbvNw2s7zPNxnv88y3ybyWRbbPx5y8eW0bjKci844EgHWTbL53HR3ZP3jLfUvF9sb04ahnJOBlj1KedrOLvvrn6q8T/JVHs7fF/APV5X13/j7Phu0wTgSAdZV6X6Eftfz47il7+O6SQTgAs3n58+32JxP23mZ/oP75fJ1km9X/vZTPCnzUo2z3gde9tmgDUo7tDzptUWci69TPp/dtVT/rufPqqXv47pJBGCARnk4P/95zmfaznKZ5uFTXR/n4ah+aceN+9TJAZfnRYYzqjmNwIuy0pahX7dY/67nV3dHaYNEAAbiNv0vxF0u83n609TB3Dh1oFTtcUxGu67LLOf7O68GVdOcb1vp3ydZPGTsferkoC2l8+GfV/7/16n74xdZXBdexeYI7E8iAAPxJqcN9Gd5uAPPfFFum1s9zjZ8/8sWv4f+NS0U7ntUcznBXg6kppEI0I/Sv5NPkvzfn//3h6xPqXTe5FASARiItgP913k4becup99us0rz9CCB12WpUk42+1RlfXH85OfXptEf6UfpXNgU+AviOJY+BANRml+9qUxTnrbT9gjsv02988vyd/+YegRrH9OsH4PRrcsxzvrv2+f2h3eF9ixfBKeFv1cnbiPX5VHq7ZqPGeCZnbrRDJ5EAAbiNotkYD4/f/6k3Pm0nepEbRmlXqS8aavRn7LfNKKqoZ7PWmoz/TqnhcKlHYFWk5NNd6pK5cck/yHn+ZRkzs9NFru6vcxxwf/y4I/+x74kAsDOqtQ7FO16Yfom+12Ypg11MHyz9D/CfpPN/fd1FlPjvtvwvm3lTepFnL/o/pAYiFHqXd6ep71NH96mTlzvYpEwh5MIAFst75Cxb3mf5KMdv6dqqINhO4eFwjfZHIC9XmlPG4HaPJF9njoI7HthNKfzKPU0ny/T7kMav0vydzFNjfa45gIbfZTjL16/3+P7fih8vjr+MOhRlfXfdHbC77/N5mBsUvhMqR+2Ub5MHSCOWj5G+tPFNJ/V8jgSSbohEQAa3aae+7ztIjXJYmvRtw3v2dV/KnzWE12HbZz13/RUC4UfZ3MS0NS3mp4e23b5l5jXfc6qnO75LfOpPgIzTkl/A4q2BVBvUwd4o5XP3Ta8f9fRrHHhs5MDj4Hz0NdC4bvC9y7337sNn93n4jhKnVDsu7PXvLza+8g4lX0Xje9TXqc+t93l4Xm09N43kTDSDYkAsOYuzRevPyf51dJ7qyxGzOYXq68Kn6t2/O6q8FmB0rDNcnh/ONSk8J3LScC2oOrQi+NN6n8/kzTfHXPhHY42A/9p6gR42zSfps//psXjgjnnI+CBJ2m+EL3L+sLf1RGzVzluD/amhaUM06kXCt9k8zzt5Z2BNmmrDz5OvV3pbEubOE+zHBb0z6f5zLd23oeEkVMq9bNRnw0C+jPJ5mClFLyV3luaInG3Rztmhc9Xex0J56LK+m856+i7Rtk8n/tFdk9AugjCblP/G3u3VOc/x5SPc1Zlt+lB75P8Ou1s5SkR4JRK/WzSZ4OAfkzSfPGZpjmAKr1/3PC3XZUSCQuGh2mcckDetkN2BtpEEEZfJAKc0vLAhL4GV2jb/uqTLZ/vIhEoff7Xe3ye83GKhcJ32ZwE3B1QpwsjfZlFIsDp/DLJh7gjAFfp2CQgDZ+7K/xtn1HgqvD57/f4POdjlvXfsmqx/nGh/nl5m3qO/iEEYfSlSvN0JOjCbRZ9btd1VMBAVUl+l823n/cZRS19tir8bbpHGy0YvgxdLxSeNNR/nzoBOWbuvf5H3/RBAFq3y8K3uz3q2zUR+GrPdroIDl+VcoB+rG13spoWtu9D/6Nv+iAArduUALxNu1vdHXMRcxEcvnHWf8NjFwp/lHqaWFMfm6SdOw76H33TBwFo3SzlC8yHHDaVQiJAk7YXCo9Sb9PY1L+eHVH3Kv2PvumDALSuSvKPeXhx+VOSTw6sTyJAk1nWf8PqiPomhfrm5e6Iekv0P/qmDwLQuWOnUaxuOyYRIOlmoXCpvvfp5oFc+h990wcBOHtP0vxAkuWy7/afLoLDVmX995sdWedkpb4PqdcMdEH/Y67K5sXp51LexFOqATgTT5J8l/oC9VP2D9gEYsM2zvrvd+xC4VEWu17993Qb9Oh/zO2y09q5lFcd/TcAgJMSiA3bKZ4o3CX9j7m+g/t9CwAMngvcsM2y/vtVPbZnX/ofc7P0H9zvWl53858AAE5LIDZcXT9R+BT0P+aqDGN60CzWCABwAW6zfpH70GuL2EeVcpAyJBIB+qYPAnCVqqxfAL/qs0HsZZz13+/YhcKnJgijb/ogAFfpSYYfSF6z/5r132/cZ4MOIAijb/ogAFdpnOEHktfsfdZ/v6rPBh1AEEbf9EEArlJp68knvbaoe0NaSLvN0BcKJ4Iw+qcPAnCVSjt0VH02qEO/TP3U5flx/q8Mf+ePSwhgLuEYGDZ9EICr9CHrF8ChB8clN3mYBMzL0J8OegkBzCUcA8M2y8P+5xkBAFykUZJHSZ4m+S+5niCsNAXqEo73Eo7nEo6BYauyuDs6y2UOhnA+qiS/y8Nz3r9EvwNadpvk09RB/8sk36Q5GL7kIGyc5mMd+sjfJfx+l3AMALtqemje0O9QAz2qknye5HnqoH+XgP8aEoEqzcf5hwx/BOYSfr9LOAaAXV3L9Rfo0E2Sv0553vsx5d0pD6JjozTfBXncX7NadQkXkks4BoBdzXKZd6iBE7hNPeq/6zSffcpPST453aF06ib1bdbScT7rsV1tu4Qg+hKOAXZxk3qN1qMkv0g9bfNpki9S38l9mfW5432VNxn+HdNzVSX5x1zeHWpgSZXmQLTvMk0ySf28gKqLgz8DkzQf+yW5hCD6Eo6B6zTKIrD/NOXA/lyvA7sUc9YBDtS0GOiU5W3qwHec5C7XM9rwJOX/HrMM72Fb21xCEH0Jx8BlGKUc2D/PIrB/k/7P7acsABzg1CfrH1JfpMapR/lHHR/fubpNc1J0iYnQJVy4L+EYOE+3WQT2n2cR2H+ZRWDfxTTLSynmrAMcaJbuT9JvU0+BucQA9xA3ab6o3/XXrE4NPYhuStyg5NFSeRqBfZdlFtcWgINV6W560Pskf5PLm+ZyrKb/3pMe29S1oQfRswz/GDhcU2D/cqn0HRC3XaZLZbxUqqUCAOxhkvJF99JvbQ89iG4Klrgc851ynib5z0l+TP/BeFtlvg5rmvrp5eMI7AHgpO7SfJG+9LsmX+fhMf+23+bsbRqJwKW6zfB2zGkK7Oc7rFUxXQYAzsZtmucEX8MFu8piStQswzvmKhKBSzVL/4H9LIvAfpJFYH+XRWA/avWoAYCTuEnzVn5PemwX+/khD3+79/02h5Z0Edi/ziKwfxaBPQBcrWnKwcKkvyZxgF+mDv7vUycFl/J062s3zfbA/rcpB/aPswjsL316HwCwp2dpHjEUOED/bvNw2tp8zn0V/0YBgAM9TvNCv1F/zQIAALqyaXFw1V+zAACALk1STgLG/TUJAADoWikJeNFriwAAgM69iMXBAABwdW6y2JbwdSwOBgCAq+IuAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAALC3/wdykE10BegmSgAAAABJRU5ErkJggg==}!}

  5. 刘永福闲逛
    2021-08-05